【よく出る】TOEIC文法確認

目的語がいらない動詞



自動詞<--目的語がいらない

例:
Fire burns.
Birds sing.

他動詞<--目的語がいる

例:
I like apples.
I know the boy.

shallの特別用法

①一人称の主語の「強い意志」をあらわす。

I shall never forget him

I shall remember you all my life.

②予言
Ask, and it shall be given you.

East is east,West is west, and never the twain shall meet.

③立法(法律や規則などでは人称に関係なくSHALLを使う
The Emperor shall be symbol of unity of the people.

No fine shall exceed $1000

文法確認

させる、してもらう I have my friend do homework
される i had my wallet stolen

could have+過去分詞 = したはずがない
He can not have said so 彼がそんなこと言ったはずがない

A Mr.Jone came to see you in your absense
※A+有名人は偉大という意味

物質名詞の量はMUCH、LITTLEなど

i hav a little money/ this is not much water.

強調すべき語はIt is と that の間ではさめばいい

It is Mt. Fuji that he is going to climb this summer

not in the least = 少しも~でない
Hw was not in the least suprised at the news.

関係代名詞:

前置詞+関係代名詞の形

This is the house in which I live ( = which I live)

I met the man of whom you had spoken (=whom you had spoken of)

仮定法過去完了

If~had+過去分詞,….助動詞の過去形(should,would,could,might)+過去分詞

If I had worked harder, I could have succeeded.

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